Compliance with the Norwegian Bioeconomy Strategy
The Norwegian government has published their strategy for the new bioeconomy, where Calanus finmarchicus was identified as a new, marine resource with a significant potential to contribute to the national economy, if it is harvested in an ecological sustainable manner (Strategy for Bioeconomy, 2016).
Management plan for Calanus fishery
The national authority responsible for the management of Calanus fishery in the Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone is the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries (NFD). The Directorate of Fisheries serves as the Ministry’s advisory and executive body in matters related to fisheries. In 2019, the Management Plan for Calanus fishery was officially accepted and implemented by Norwegian authorities, and a commercial fishery for Calanus finmarchicus was opened.
Norwegian authorities have allocated a total annual quota of 254.000 tons of Calanus finmarchicus, with an option for commercial vessels to apply for 10 licenses. These licenses are categorized into Delimited Licenses (10) Class 1 and 2, which will provide a permission to harvest between the 1000 meters bathymetric contour line and the Norwegian Baseline. Different conditions apply for Class 1 and 2 licenses. The other major category is General Licenses (unlimited in numbers), where vessels will be restricted to harvest outside the 1000 meters contour line.
Of the total quota of 254.000 tons, 3000 tons can be harvested between the 1000 meters bathymetric contour line and the Norwegian Baseline. The remainder will have to be harvested on the outside. The issuance of a commercial total quota has no formal impact on the research quota awarded to Calanus AS. Further, there will be no designated vessel quotas and the commercial licenses will have a duration of 10 years. Application for vessel licenses are currently being processed by Norwegian authorities. The management plan can be found here (in Norwegian).
Close collaboration with stakeholders
Calanus AS collaborates closely with national authorities, fishing companies, engineering companies and equipment suppliers, leading the development of new harvesting technology. The close interplay between Calanus AS and stakeholders, with financial support from Innovation Norway, has been vital in the evolution of the present harvesting technology. New regulatory frameworks and quotas will enable access to a much larger use of the natural resource present in Norwegian territorial waters. Therefore, it is timely for Norway to develop innovative harvesting technology to enable the emerging sector to capitalize on this new opportunity, creating new products resulting in local business development.